About the races - Important races

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Strzegom Stakes (1,600 m since 1982, cat. B, 3-year-old Thoroughbreds) – 1959

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Stud farm in Strzegom is situated in the western part of Poland, in the province of Lower Silesia, in the picturesque precinct of Podgórze Sudeckie. Pastures are overlooking the surrounding countryside of Wzgórze Strzegomskie, and further the Karkonosze ridge. The stud farm was established in 1955 on the basis of the Complex of State Agricultural Farms, with farms located around the city of Strzegom. It was a big breeding farm where, apart from horses, the dairy cattle, pigs and sheep were bred, together with a breeding centre of game animals, including pheasantry. The original plans related to the breeding of Silesian horses, however, it was as soon as in 1956 when the first thoroughbred mares came and started the future breeding. Privatized in 1998 (Polska Korporacja Inwestycyjna, Polish Investment Corporation Joint-Stock Company). Many great horses were bred in Strzegom, including Cisów (1983), winner of the Great Warsaw Race, but the stud farm recorded its first victory in the Derby only after 26 years (Young Islander won it in 2003). Three years later, Kamerdyner became decorated with the Derby blue ribbon. Other best-known horses from Strzegom (breeding of PKI SA) is unbeaten in five consecutive starts Nick of Memory, Hipoliner, two-timewinner of the Prime Minister Stakes and the Wielka Warszawska Stakes winner; and phenomenal Age of Jape, which after his victory in Ministry of Agriculture Stakes in Warsaw, was sold to the Czech Republic, where did not suffer any defeat at the age of three and won all the major races, including the Derby in Prague and Bratislava. HecompletedTriple Crown in the Czech Republic and became the Horse of the Year in both countries – Czech Republic and Slovakia. Strzegom Stakes was firts run in 1959 at a distance of 2,400 m. Over the years, the race distance was shortened and ranged from 1,700 to 2,200 m. Only in 1971-72, it was intended for four-year-old and older horses. It has been organised at a distance of 1,600 m only since 1982. It wasn?t included in the racing program in the year 2006 and 2008 because the start of the season was significantly delayed. The winners of Strzegom Stakes, who later became Derby winners: Dargin (1973 ? in a dead heat with Oliwin), Czerkies (1974), Iranda (1976), Demon Club (1981), Korab (1985), Limak (1994), Numerous (1995), Dancer Life (2002). The best time was achievedby a later Derby runner-up Young Boy in 2012 ? 1’36,2.

Jaroszówka Stakes (1,300 m, cat. B, 3-year-old and older Thoroughbreds) – 1980

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The stud farm in Jaroszówka ? is located in the province of Lower Silesia in south-western Poland, in the valley of theCzarna Woda River, about 5 km from Chojnów and 25 km from Legnica. The stud farm is situated near the natural park of the Czarna Woda Valley, surrounded by wooded meadows and pastures. The stud farm in Jaroszówka was establishedin 1969, within the State Pedigree Breeding Centre in Chojnów. The stud dealt with the breeding of thoroughbred horses from its very beginning. On 1 September 1993 a new economic entity was established ? Horse Stud Jaroszówka limited liability company, with its registered office in Goliszów. Currently, the Horse Stud Jaroszówka does not deal with the breeding of racing horses. There are horses which have been auctioned on the Internet in the past two years. The last Thoroughbreds bred in Jaroszówka that were successful on the racetrack were the following mares: Treserka (2009 ? Novara, Oaks and Krasne) and Infamia (2010 ? Derby and Oaks). Jaroszówka had the period of its glory at the races in the years 1984-2003. Diablik (1988) and Kombinacja (2001) also won the Derby, while Susy (1991) was disqualified. The second places in the Derby were taken by: Starowin (1985), Omen (1987) and Upsala (1993). Six horses bred in Jaroszówkawere choosen as the ?Horse of the Year? – Omen, Dietmar, Kombinacja, Susy and Upsala were trained by Stanisław Sałagaj, while Tulipa by Dorota Kałuba. The Jaroszówka Stakes was heldfrom 1980 to 1987 for four-year-old and older horses at the distance of 1,400 m with conditions, from 1988 at the distance of 1,300 m for three-year-old and older horses. Green Maestro won it three times (2005-06 and 2010), while Da Xian (2000-01), Dżasper (2007-08) and Faghelead (2011-2012) won it twice. The fastestinthisrace was Dżasper 1?16.1.

Comet Stakes (2,000 m, cat. B, 4-year-old and older Arabians) – 1968

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This is the first important race for Arabian horses in the season. Its patron, grey Comet, born in Nowy Dwór in 1953, played a significant role in the Polish breeding of pure bred horses. Hecame from a family of the original Arab Kuhailan Afas, which was imported from Bahrain in 1931, along with seven other horses brought by Bogdan Ziętarski. Comet was the grandson of a Bad Afas, one of the two sons of Kuhailan Afas. Many breeders recognize him as the greatest stallion bred in Poland after World War II. Unfortunately, Comet died at the age of 11. He left numerous excellent mares. Only five of his sons were used in the country, but they have left no male offspring. Kuhailan Afas lineage perished this way. In 1979 Probat, the grandson of Comet, was borrowed from Sweden and was used as a sirefor two years in Michałów and Janów. Not only did he prolong the lineage of Kuhailan Afas, but he also opened up the period of glory. The paternal granddaughter of Probat, Gil?s daugher, was outstanding Sarmacja, Derby winner of 1990, and the grandson, Fawor?s son, was great Borek, Derby runner-up of 1991.

Golejewko Stakes (2,000 m, cat. B, 4-year-old and older Thoroughbreds) – 1951

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Golejewko is situated in the province of Wielkopolska (former province of Leszno), about 10 km from Rawicz and about 50 km southeast of Leszno, near the route Poznań ? Wrocław. The Golejewko Stud Farm was establishedin 1921 by the then owner of the property ? Count Janusz Czarnecki. It was the leading Thoroughbred stud farm in Poland in the interwar period. After the war, during which most of the horses disappeared, Golejewko was taken over by the State Horse Breeding Establishments, and then by the Central Board of Horse Breeding, creating a complex based in Żołędnica. In this form, as the Horse Stud Farm in Żołędnica (with a short break from 1957 to 1961), it lasted until 1993, when Golejewko has been separated from thatcomplex. It was the time when the limited company was established under the business name Golejewko Stud Farm. Golejewko can be proud of tough to beat records established in Służewiec: 19 victories in the Derby (including Humbug, Epikur, then four times in a row: Erotyk, Kadyks, Taormina and Daglezja; Dargin, Konstelacja, Kosmogonia, Neman, Korab, Krezus) and 15 in the Wielka WarsawskaStakes. However, these successes were a long time ago. The last Derby winner was Aksum (1990), and Novara in the Wielka WarsawStakes (in the same year). Golejewko Stakes has been organised since 1951, being the first test race for four-year-old and older horses. Initially, its distance was 2,400 m, then (since 1981) 2,200 m, and 2,000 m from 1992. The number of horses is usually not large, considering the early date of the race ? the turn of April and May.

Wiosenna Stakes – Polish 1000 Guineas (1600 m, international cat. A, 3-year-old Thoroughbred fillies) – 1930

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Race established on the pattern of 1,000 Guineas, the first classic race of the season in the UK. It first took place in 1930 on the PoleMokotowskie. Its distance was later shortened from 2,100 m to 1,800 m. Fillieshave raced at the distance of 1,600 m since 1934. Traditionally, it takes place in the second half of May.

Ruler Stakes ? Polish 2000 Guineas (1,600 m, international cat. A, 3-year-old Thoroughbreds) ? 1911

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Patron of the race organised in May, at a distance of 1,600 m from the beginning, has been an outstanding stallion born in 1884 in the Krasne Stud Farm. He competed mainly in Moscow and St. Petersburg, where rewards were high. He suffered no defeat in eight starts at the local tracks. He won, among others, Produce, Derby and St. Leger. He has even more merit in the Polish breeding, especially when it comes to female lines. His offspring was winning the most important races.

Kabaret Stakes (2,200 m, cat. B, 4-year-old and older Arabians entered into the Polish Arabian Stud Book) – 1980

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Kabaret (born in 1973) was bred at Janów Podlaski. His father was Bandos, son of Negatiw and Bandola, and mother was legendary Creole Sahara, was the representative of the family of the original stallion Ibrahim. He ran for three seasons in the colours of the stud of trainer Andrzej Walicki. He won the Derby in 1977. The Kabaret Stakes was won by such Derby winners as: Saszetka (1981), Piechur (1984), Wilczur (1987), Emael (three times: 1992-94) and Druid (1998).

Haracz Stakes (1,400 m, cat B, 3-year-old and older Thoroughbreds) – 1980

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Patron of the race ran in Służewiec in 1964-65. Raced 11 times, winning five times, including the Ruler Stakes. He was a racetrack record holder at a distance of 1,600 m (1?37?) for 35 years (until 2000). Only four-year old and older horses could start in the race for the Haracz Award for the first seven years. In 1987, the race was also opened for three year olds, but due its date (usually at the end of May), they were rarely successful ? the only winners were Bilbao (1987) and Horyzont (2010). The race was not held in shortened season of 2006.

Ofir Stakes (2,400 m, international cat. A, 4-year-old and older Arabians) – 1962

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Race patron was born in 1933 in Janów Podlaski. He was derived from familyof Kuhailan Haifi. He is considered to be the best stallion used in Janów in the interwar period. He was sire only three seasons 1937-1939, before he was taken away to Tersk. He left three excellent descendants: Witraż, Wielki Szlem and Witeź II. Ofir Stakesin 1962 was organised at a distance of 2,400 m and was extended to 2,600 m in subsequent editions. It was designed for five-year old and older horses. Since 1991, four-year old horses were admitted to take part in this race, and thus its original distance was restored. It is traditionally held in May or June.

Widzów Stakes (2,400 m, cat. B, 4-year-old and older Thoroughbreds) – 1951.

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The history of the Widzów Horse Stud Farm reaches the nineteenth century, when the Lubomiski princes, brothers Stefan, Władysław and Stanisław founded the stud of Thoroughbred horses within their estate. Until the outbreak of World War I, the horses of the Lubomirski family triumphed on the Polish, Russian, Austro-Hungarian and German tracks, winning: 4 times the Derby (twice in Warsaw, in Moscow and Vienna), 2 times in the Gro?e Baden Preis, St. Leger in Budapest, several times in the Oaks in Warsaw, Moscow and Vienna. In 1947, there was established the State Horse Stud Farm in Widzów, which was combined with a stud of half-blooded horses in Skrzydłowo (former Thoroughbred stud of Reszke brothers) to form one company based in Skrzydłow and operated in such form until 2000. In July 2000, the Widzów Stud became privatized and all the horses were bought by Krzysztof Tyszko, who also leased the entire farm. The position of the main breeder left in the hands of an eminent specialist Jarosław Koch. After the untimely death of Krzysztof Tyszko in 2010, the stud was managed by his widow Anna Tyszko. The horses of Widzów won the Derby 8 times and 10 times Wielka Warszawska Stakes. The most famous are Triple Crown winners: Dipol (1972) and Dżamajka (2000), which also won the Wielka Warszawska Stakes. Three crowns were also won by San Moritz in 2007. The Widzów Stud bred Dixieland, the best Polish sire after World War II, which was at first a very good racing horse (won the Wielka Warszawska leading whole race and the Criterium Stakes twice). He begot among others three Derby winners: Bachus (1966), Solozzo (1987) and Limak (1994) and double Wielka Warszawska Stakes winner- San Luis (2005-2006). The Widzów Stakes was granted the first time after World War II in 1951. Four-year old mares and four-year old and older stallions could race over a distance of 2,600 m. In 1981, the distance was shortened to 2,400 m. The Widzów Stakes is the last trial race for the President of Totalisator Stakes (formerly Prime Minister Stakes) the most important race for the elderly Thoroughbreds.

Iwno Stakes (Offspring) (2,200 m, international cat. A, 3-year-old Thoroughbreds) – 1946.

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The patron of the Iwno Stud Farm has had Thoroughbred breeding since 1916, when 16 mares were imported from Belgium. Soon the racing activities were started, but without any spectacular success. After the war, the herd of mothers was gradually growing. The stud raised some great horses, but undoubtedly, the number one is phenomenal Pawiment, so far unmatched on the track by any other Thoroughbred. The race was always organised at a distance of 2,200 m and was the most important test for the top three-year olds three weeks before the Derby. In 1946 it was named the race for the Sezam Stakes, and subsequently: Sezam (Produce) ? Produce ? Offspring (Produce) ? Offspring. It was in 1956 when it was held as Iwno (Offspring) for the first time.

Solina Stakes (2,200 m, cat. B, 3-year-old Thoroughbred fillies) – 1962

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Solina, which was born in 1942 in Germany, bred by a Polish breeder J. Ciechowski was brought to Kozienice after the war, where she started a very numerous and valuable feminine line. She was a very fertile mare, gave birth to 12 foals. The best from Solina?s family was chesnut Triple Crown winner Solali, who takes color after his father very good Skarb. He won 8 times in 11 races during the years 1961-62 (Maiden, Skarba St., Sofia St., Ministry of Agriculture St., Ruler St., Iwno St., Derby, St. Leger).

Kurozwęki Stakes (2,600 m, cat. B, 4-year-old and older Arabians entered into the Polish Arabian Stud Book) – 1975

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The Horse Stud Farm in Kurozwęki is located in the province of Świętokrzyce, between Kielce and Tarnobrzeg. Privatized a few years ago, it no longer sends its Arabian horses to the racetrack, they only are only presented during the shows and sporting events. The best racehorses bred in Kurozwęki: Derby winners ? Mahoń (1980), Element (1982), Traf (1984), Emael (1992), winners of the Europe Prize ? Złoty Potok (1985), Emael (1992). With the exception of the first edition of the race, which was run over a distance of 2,400 m for 4-year-old and older Arabians, the race was always run over a distance of 2,600 m. The race was not organised during the next four seasons, and later (until 1991), it was intended for 5-year old and older horses, and with restrictions until 1987. Later, 4-year old horses were allowed to start again, and since then, the race had a slightly different formula only once ? in 2012, when it was run as a handicap race.

Aschabad Stakes (2,200 m, cat. B, 3-year-old Thoroughbreds) – from 1948

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This race is scheduled two weeks before the most important race for three-year-old thoroughbreds, so it is an alternative way of preparing horses to Derby. Its patron ? Aschabad (born in 1892) was the most famous son of legendary Ruler on the racetrack, although he ranked 8 place in terms of winnings before World War I among the numerous offspring of his father. He came from the second year after Ruler. He was the first winner of the Great Warsaw Race, founded in 1895. Due to the date of the race, Aschabad Stakes was won only twice in Służewiec by the Derby winners: Diablik in 1988, and Joung Islander in 2003.

Europejczyk Stakes (1600 m, cat. B, 3-year-old Arabians) – 1990

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Europejczyk was bred in Janów Podlaski (birth year 1982). He was the son of the famous El Paso, bought for 1 million dollars by Armand Hammer, an American millionaire, and Europa, the daughter of Bandos. Maciej Janikowski trained him and Albin Rejek rode him. He was undefeated in his racing career (won consecutively such important races as: Sabellina St., Sambora St., Porównawcza St., Bandos St., Janów St. and Derby. After racing career, he appeared in shows (won the title of National Champion of Poland in 1988). He was exported to USA ten years later. He was not so good in breeding (as inracing) but his offspring gained some success both on the track, as well as in beauty contests and utility classes under the saddle.

President of the Totalizator (2,600 m, international cat. A, four-year-old and older Thoroughbreds) – 1868.

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Name and distance of the race have been repeatedly changed. It was introduced in 1868 as the race for the Imperial Prize (5,335 m), designed for four-year-old and older stallions and mares. It is interesting that in 1869 only stallion Sygnał started in the race because no one wanted to compete with him. Later, the distance was shortened several times: in 1980 to 4268 m, in 1896 m to 3,200, and finally in 1980 to the present length, i.e. 2,600 m. In 1920, the race was renamed into State Chief Officer Stakes, and three years later, it was President of the Republic of Poland Stakes. After World War II, it was resumed under the aegis of the National Council to return to the President Stakes. Since 1954, the race was run for the Prime Minister Stakes until the season of 2008, when its current name was introduced. The race takes place AT a similar time to the Derby, that is at the turn of June and July.

Janów Stakes (Offspring) (2,600 m, international cat. A, 4-year-old colts and fillies entered in the Polish Arabian Stud Book) – 1968.

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The race has always been intended for 4-year-old colts and filliesand run over a distance of 2600 m. It was named the race for the Cometa Stakes in the first two years (1968-1969). In 1994, won only once by a representative of a different than a Polish breeding, i.e. German Ashanti. Since then, the race has been reserved for horses of domestic breeding, entered into the Polish Arabian Stud Book, treated as the main stage of preparations for the Derby (Derby Trial), run about a month earlier.

DERBY (2,400 m, international cat. A, 3-year-old Thoroughbreds, earlyentries) – 1896

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The most important classical selection race for 3-year-old coltsand fillies. The prototype is obviously the English Derby in Epsom. The name of the race comes from the name of the Lord, who was the first to organise racing (with betting) in a form as we know today. In Poland, the Derby is traditionally run on the first Sunday in July and its distance is similar to the original one ? 2,400 m. Until 1938, the Warsaw Derby was run on the old racetrack, near Polna Street on the PoleMokotowskie. Then, it was moved to a modern hippodrome in Służewiec.

Memorial of Fryderyk Jurjewicz (Rzeczna Stakes (international cat. A, 3-year-old and older Thoroughbreds) -1972

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The race has been run in an unchanging form, similar to the Derby, since 1972. It was called the race for the Rzeczna Stakes until 2010. The track record over a distance of 1,600 m was set up as many as four times in the last decade. Sierra Night?s result of the season 2007 (1?36.3?) was improved after a year by the Czech Republic Sharpour (1?35.5?). In 2012, Hard Work (1?35.4?) was faster, and a year later Star Poker run this distance in 1?34.3?.

Novara Stakes (2,000 m, cat. B, 3-year-old Thoroughbred fillies) – 1995

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Novara was born in 1987 in Golejewko. She was trained in Służewiec by Mirosław Stawski, and rode during races by ?king of the track?, jockey Tomasz Dul. During the three-year career, at the age of 2-4 years, she ran 19 times, winning 11 races, including (in order): Solina St., Oaks, Vistula River St., Krasne St.(twice), Great Warsaw Race, Golejewko St., Widzów St. and Prime Minister St. (now President of the TotalisatorSt.). In 2013, Novara Stakes was first run as race category B. Previously, it was I category race.

Kozienice Stakes (2,000 m, international cat. A, 3-year-old and older thoroughbreds) – 1947

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In 1932, Frederyk Jurjewicz chose Kozienice, the place located in a convenient proximity to the capital, as an ideal place for the establishment of the state stud, together with a training ground. This way, the Kozienice Horse Stud Farm was established, which was known to be the best stud in the country on the outbreak of World War II. The herd was decimated by the war, however, its stock improved after liberation and gained more success. The first running in the Kozienice Stakes took place in 1947 at a distance of 2,200 m (time of 2?20.5?). In 1948-55, the horses had to overcome the distance longer by 200 m, and over the three consecutive years they ran up to 3 km. Starting from 1959, the distance was 2,600 m, then it was reduced to 2,400 m in 1981 and finally to 2,000 m in 1988. It is a comparative run (for 3-year-old and older horses), with the exception of 1955 and 1959 to 1973, when it was intended only for three-year old horses.

Figaro Stakes (2,400 m, cat. B, 4-year-old and older Arabians, without penalties) – 1979

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Race patron was born in 1933 in Michałów. His grandmother was famous Forta, daughter of such great horses as Czort and Fatma. Figaro?s sister won the Oaks. He won three races in seven starts, including the Bask Stakes, at the age of three. He ran up to the season of 1978, triumphing among others in Porównawcza St., Michałów St. and twice in the OfiraStakes. He was second in the Derby in 1975, beaten by the great Orgia. The Figaro Stakes was first run in 1979, as a handicap for 4-year-old and older Arabian horses at a distance of 2,400 m. Later, the race was no longer a handicap, but the age group of the participants remained unchanged.

Syrena Stakes (1,400 m, international cat. A, 3-year-old and older Thoroughbreds) – 1966

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Syrena (born in 1961 in the Kozienice Horse Stud Farm) won 9 times in 17 starts. She won such import ant races asCardea St., PrzedświtSt., Pink Pearl St., Bratysława St. at the meeting of the People?s Democratic Countries and Criterium, and only once she did not take a paid place, when finished fifth in the Solina Stakes. Unfortunately, she did not give birth to any distinctive child. The race over a distance of 1,400 meters for 3-year-old and older horses, usually run in late July or August, was named after her. Interestingly, a premiere triumpher (1966) was a year younger brother of the patron ? stallion Super. Starting with the season of 1976, the race gained the status of an international race, increasing its selection rank significantly. A great recordin the first decade of the twenty-first century belonged to Green Maestron, trained by Józef Siwonia. The brave Thoroughbred won the race five times in a row (2006-10)!

Polish Arabian Horse Breeders Society Stakes (2000 m, cat. B, 3-year-old Arabian fillies entered into the Polish Arabian Stud Book) – 2013

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The Polish Arabian Horse Breeders Society (PZHKA) takes care of the maintenance and continuation of the directions of breeding Arabian horses in Poland, in line with the Polish tradition and national breeding program. It was founded on 4 January 1997 by the breeders of the state studs in Janów, Michałów, Kurozwęki and Białka, as well as private breeders of Arabian horses. The Horse Stud Farm in Janów Podlaski became its seat. The Polish Arabian Horse Breeders Society in affiliated with the World Arabian Horse Organization (WAHO) and cooperates with the Polish Arabian Stud Book (PASB). The race for the PZHKA Stakes was first held in late July 2013, over a distance of 2,000 m and the winner was Afrah, bred by private breeder Zbigniew Górski.

ARABIAN DERBY (3000 m, cat. A, 4-year-old Arabian coltsand filliesentered into the Polish Arabian Stud Book, early entries) – 1927

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Arabiansdebuted on the Polish racetracks in 1927. It was the time when the first Derby was ran in Przemyśl over a distance of 2400 m (as the Roman E. Sanguszko Stakes). In another one, at the same distance, four-year old horses already competed, and in the years 1928-1939 the race was conducted in Persenkówka, near Lvov. After the war, the Derby race was moved into Służewiec, and held over a distance of 3000 m. The number of race participants was the largest in 2004 when 19 Arabians started. In 1993, the list of participants was first time limited exclusively to horses of domestic breeding entered into the Polish Arabian Stud Book (PASB). Since that time (except for 1994), the Derby race has been closed for foreign bred horses.

Dorpat Stakes (1,200 m, cat. B, 2-year-old Thoroughbreds) -1957

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Born in 1950 in the Golejewko Horse Stud Farm was undefeated at the age of 2. He won, among others, Offspring Stakes (1,200 m) and Sofia Stakes (1,400 m) in Warsaw. As a three-year-old horse, he won the Derby, run inMoscow Stakesin Warsaw and St. Leger. Until 1985, it was organised in autumn at a distance of 1,400 m, and from 1986 (when Omen was the winner) in summer at a distance of 1,200 m.

Skarb Stakes (1,300 m, cat. B, 2-year-old Thoroughbreds) – 1964

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Bred in the Kozienice Horse Stud Farm, chestnut Skarb (birth year 1936) was the best two-year-old horse of the interwar period. Undefeated in the season of 1938 on the Pole Mokotowskie racetrack in six races, which he won very easily. He sets a rekord time for 1,200 m ? 1?11?. Skarb went out unexpectedly at the age of three years. First, he was last in the Derby in Hamburg (25 June), where he went inadequately prepared (did not have sufficient experience on a newly opened track in Służewiec), and he also found a discouraging hard track. It appeared after the run that he was also wounded in his leg (hit). He was also unmentioned during the first Derby race in Służewiec (16 July). He was barely seventh. After the outbreak of war, he was deported to Germany. He returned at the end of 1946 to Kozienice, where he was a respected sire in 1947-48 and 1952-1957. He also covered in the Horse Stud Farm in Moszna (1949-1951). At the age of 21, he begot Triple Crown Solal (born in 1958, from Solina). He died two years later.

Koheilan I Stakes (2,000 m, cat. B, 3-year-old Arabians entered into the Polish Arabian Stud Book) – 1962

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Grey Koheilan I (birth year 1922) was bred in Babolno, Hungary. Purchased for Poland at the age of two. He was the continuator of the original desert Arabian Koheilan Adjuze. He stationed in Janów in the years 1926-1937 and begot 32 foals. He was also the father of very good horses such as Piołun, highly regarded in Tersk, and the Derby winners: Ikwa and Jagoda. In 1937, he returned to Babolna in exchange for the two locally bred young colts.

Lira Stakes (Oaks) (2,400 m, international cat. A, 3-year-old Thoroughbred fillies) – 1887

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Not everyone knows that both the English Oaks (1779) and its Polish equivalent are older than the Derby race. Patroness of this Polish classic race (always 2,400 m) is Lira (born in 1908 in Widzów). She raced successfully on many tracks in Europe: in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Vienna and Warsaw. She won 11 times from30 starts, including in the Austrian and Russian Oaks. She was considered one of the best mares of the Central and Eastern Europe at the time. She gave rise to the female line, from which many brave horses derive, including Iranda, Aksum or Infamia.

St. Leger (2,800 m, international cat. A, 3-year-old and older Thoroughbreds stallions, colts, mares and fillies) – 1899

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Polish counterpart of the oldest classic race in the world, which has been run since 1899. Before the war, it was namedJanowska Stakes. Since 1920, the race has been organised in Warsaw as St. Leger. In the years from 1946 to 1954 and from 1962 to 1975 the distance was 3,000 m, and in the other seasons, and now, the horses have to overcome the distance of 2,800 m.

Deer Leap Stakes (1,300 m, cat. B, 3-year-old and older Thoroughbreds, without penalties) – from 1980

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Race patron (born in 1956) was purchased for Poland after a four-year career in the UK (9 wins in 38 starts). He was a sirein Rzeczna (1962-1966), Kozienice (1967-1971), Moszna (1972-1973), Strzegom (1974) and studs of half-blooded horses, where he left talented young offspring, and died at the age of 22. His best offspring was Iranda, Derby and Great Warsaw Race winner in 1976.

Korab Stakes (2,200 m, cat. B, 3-year-old and older Thoroughbreds) – 1991

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Korab (Mehari-Konstelacja), trained by Andrzej Walicki, Golejewko breeding, won the Derby twice in 1985, first in Vienna and, then after two weeks, in Służewiec. He also won St. Leger in the same year. As a four-year-old, he triumphed in: Golejewko St., Prime Minister St., Kincsem Dij and Berlin St.. He won the total of 12 races in 15 starts during the three seasons. Korab became the Horse of the Year in 1985 and 1986 in the election of racing reportersorganized by the ?Życie Warszawy? journal.

Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan – Europa Stakes (2600 m, international cat. A, 4-year-old and older Arabians, early entries) – 1985

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The race was introduced to the Warsaw racing calendar in 1985 as an international race of the highest category, in which the best Polish Arabians could compete with rivals from abroad. This race is often participated by horses trained both in the west and in Russia. The first edition was won by the stallion Złoty Potok, but another three were won by riding horses from the east. The race gained prestige when in 2010 it became incorporated into the HH Sheikh Mansoor Bin Zayed Al Nahyan Global Arabian Horse Flat Racing Festival, to theZayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan Cup series. Since then, great foreign Arabians have regularly run in it with success.

Białka Stakes (2,000 m, international cat. A, 3-year-old Arabians, early entries) – 1987

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The race organised under the auspices of Białka Stallion Studfounded in 1928, but it was named the race for Białka Stakes(of Sabellina) for the three first seasons before it adopted the current name. It was intended for three-year-old horses from the beginning, but gelded horses could not compete in it until 1996 inclusively. At that time, the distance was 1,600 m. It was extended to 1,800 m in 1997-2002, and finally to 2,000 m.

Sabellina Stakes (2,000 m, cat. B, 4-year-old and older Arabian mares) – 1997

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Patroness of the race is the most valuable mare for Polish breeding of the three daughters of Sabda. Sabellina gave rise to an extraordinary family. Horses derived from this family have an outstanding racing predisposition and a real phenomenon is the fact that this family has already had six successive generations of mares winning classic races (Oaks or Derby). The Sabellina Stakes has been run since 1997 as the most important trial for four-year-old mares of the national breeding before the Oaks. Four years old fillies compete in this race also with older competitors.

Krasne Stud Farm Stakes (2,200 m, international cat. A, 3-year-old and older Thoroughbreds mares) – 1920

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The stud sponsoring a race was founded in 1857 by EarlLudwik Krasiński. It was the man that starteda regular breeding of Thoroughbreds at a high level in the Kingdom of Poland. Many excellent horses, highly regarded even today, have been bred there. One of the greatest was a fantastic Ruler. The race was established in 1920 as a handicap for older horses, run over a distance of 2,200 m. Since 1931 the race was only for mares, and since 1933 the three-year-old horses could also start in it. The distance was reduced to 2,100 m. It was run in June or July, usually a week before the Derby. Since 1947 the race was run on the Służewiec racetrack over a distance of 2,200 m. In 1972-87 it was renamed into the race for Driada Stakes, to once again return to its original name.

Dakota Stakes (1,300 m, international cat. A, 2-year-old Thoroughbreds) – 1958

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Dakota, born in 1971 in Ireland, ran in England. He won 7 times, including the prestigious race King George V Stakes at worldwide known Royal Ascot meeting. He even participated in the in the Prix de l?Arc de Triomphe Race in Paris (the most prestigious race in Europe). This is the most valuable sire in post-war history of Polish breeding. He passed on to his descendants not only extraordinary strength, but also speed. He contributed to the improvement of Polish breeding. The race named after this magnificent stallion has been organised since 1990, mostly at the end of August. It replaced the race included in the racing calendar from 1958 under the patronage of the weekly magazine ?Stolica? ? designed from the beginning for two-year-old horses (from 1968 at a distance of 1,200 m, later 1,300 m). Initially, it was a I category race group I, and became the A-category race after six years.

Ursynów Stakes (1,800 m, cat. B, 3-year-old Arabians) – 2013

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The first run took place in the season of 2013 as the race for 3-year-old thoroughbreds. The honorary patron is the mayor of Ursynów, i.e. the district most strongly associated with horse racing in Warsaw.

Przedświt Stakes (1,600 m, cat. B, 3-year-old and older Thoroughbreds) – 1958

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Przedświt was born in 1872 in Chorzelów in Rzeszów, bred by J. Tarnowski and O. Orłowski. He belonged to an exceptional horse racing class. He was runningin Vienna, Budapest, Bratislava, Lvov, Warsaw, Oedenburgu, Debrecen, Prague and Baden-Baden. During the three-year racing career, he started 32 times and won 25 times, including the Magna Austrian Derby.

Gazella, Mlecha and Sahara Stakes (Arabian Oaks) (2,400 m, cat. A, 4-year-old Arabian mares entered into the Polish Arabian Stud Book) – 1927

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The race was first organised in 1927 in Przemyśl, and was designed for 3-year-old mares to take place in the next season (until the outbreak of war) in Lvov, with the participation of 4-year-old mares. In the first six editions, the participants raced over a distance of 2,100 m, which permanently changed in 1934 to 2,400m. Before the war, the race was named after EarlJuliusz Dzieduszycki. The former patron brought to Poland from his long journey to the Arabian deserts seven stallions and three mares ? Gazella, Mlecha and Sahara, which created big, vital to this day female bloodlines. They became the patronesses of Oaks race in 1947.

Amurath Stakes (2,000 m, cat. B, 3-year-old Arabians entered into the Polish Arabian Stud Book) – 1960

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Derived from the family of the original Arabian horse Bairactar Amurath (birth year 1881), he was purchased for the stud farm Radowce (today Austria) 14 years later. He begot some very valuable offspring. His son Amurath II (1907) was brought to the Polish in 1918. This stallion was used on a small scale, but he left a very valuable offspring. His son Amurath Sahib (1932), from Sahiba, of Nana Sahib I ? the first Polish Arabian Derby and Oaks winner, highly praiseworthy in breeding, was the father of particularly valuable mares, which are mothers of a series of USA champions. For example, Bałałajka, the mother of the famous Baska, was the daughter of Amurath Sahib. One of the sons of Amurath Sahib ? Arax ? was sold in 1958 to Tersk, where he begot a number of excellent mares. A descendant of one of them ? Tallinn ? was loaned to Poland in the years 1985-1988. He was the father of vice Derby winner Wojsław, which was successful not only in racing, but also during shows. The son of Wojsław out ofDalida, Derby winner Druid, became the best Arabian horse racing in Służewiec in history. He won 13 races out of 15 starts and was second twice. After retiring from racing in 1998, Druid was a sire stallion in Janów Podlaski, and in 2000 was sold during the famous Janów auction to Turkey for the record, as for stallion, price of 500 000dollars. Thus, Wojsław and Druid, through Tallinn, Amurath Sahib and Amurath II, descent from the Amurath, i.e. the patron of the race in Służewiec. Following the example of Wojsław and Druid, it is the origin that mainly determines the outcome of Arabian horses in the race.

Vistula River Stakes (2,400 m, cat. B, 3-year-old and olderThoroughbredfillies and mares) – 1949

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It has a rich history, was played before the war on the Pole Mokotowskie racecourse. After the war, first held in 1949. Over the years, there have been changed the distance (2,200, 2,000 and 2,400 m at present), conditions and date of the race. Older mares rarely won because most valuable mares used to return to stud farms after a three-year career.

Minister of Agriculture Stakes (1,400 m, international cat. A, 2-year-old Thoroughbred colts and fillies) – 1894

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The Minister of Agriculture Stakes (previously ? Offspring (Produce)) has more than century-old tradition in the history of Polish horse racing and is the most important race for 2-year-old coltsand fillies. It was initiated in Warsaw in 1894 as Produce, later known as Kruszyna Stakes. Before World War I, its distance was 1,100 m. The race was not organised in the years 1913-1916 and in 1919, and the race was held in Odessa in 1917-1918. Again, it took place on the Pole Mokotowskie in 1920. After World War II, the race was organised under different names: Lanoline St. (1946), Produce, Offspring St. (Produce), Offspring St., the Ministry of Agriculture St. at distances from 1,200 m to 1,400 m, and finally in 1961, its length was 1,400 m. Since 2000, it has been the race for the the Ministry of Agriculture Stakes (Offspring). It takes place at the turn of September and October.

Pierrot Stakes (2400 m, cat. A, 3-year-old and older Arabian horses) – 2011

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The race patron was one of the best sons of great Czort. He won the Porównawcza Stakes. The race of his name was organised in the seasons of 2011 and 2012 at the turn of September and October as running for 3-year-old Arabs ? the equivalent race for Sambora Stakes(but foreign bred Arabians are allowed to race in Pierrot Stakes). In 2013, however, it was the equivalent of the race for the Porównawcza Stakes.

Great Warsaw Race (2,600 m, international cat. A, 3-year-old and older Thoroughbreds, Early entries) – 1895

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The Great Warsaw Race was held for the first time in 1895, modelled on the French Grand Prix de Paris. This historic race was won by excellent Aschabad, one of the greatest sons of Ruler. The race was highly subsidized and recognized as the most important comparative race of the season from its very beginning. Its distance was about 3,200 m by the year 1904. The race was suspended in the years 1905-1912, 1915-1916 and 1919 for political reasons. The race took place over a distance of 2,667 m in 1913 and in 1917 and 1918 (in Odessa). Its distance was 2,800 m from 1920, then 2,400 m from 1933, and returned to the same length like after World War II in the years 1946-48. Its current distance (2,600 m) has been unchanged since 1949.

Moszna Stakes (1,600 m, international cat. A, 3-year-old and older Thoroughbreds) – 1954

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Initially (from 1954) the nature of the race was quite different than today. At first, it was a handicap race for 3-year-old and older horses over a distance of 2,600 m, and since 1959 it was held a month earlier and was designed exclusively for 3-year-olds (mostly 2,400 m). Top three years old horses participated in this race. In 1985, the Moszna Stakes become the most important comparative race (for 3 year-old and and older Thoroughbreds) over a distance of 1,600 m.

Cardea Stakes (1,200 m, cat. B, 2-year-old Thoroughbreds fillies) – 1962

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Cardea was born in 1931 in the stud farm Razza del Soldo in Italy. She ran on local tracks without much success (only two wins in 15 starts). She was brought to Poland in 1946, in a group of Italian origin horses, regained from Germany. Her son, born already in Poland, was, inter alia, Caruso (second in the Hungarian Derby, fourth in the Polish Derby). Caruso was the father of Haracz, winner of the Ruler Stakes (Polish 2000 Guineas) and track record holder at 1,600 meters, and two great mares: Ossorji (mother of Orkish that was second in the Derby) and Jasiołka (mother of Jarabuba that fought exciting fights with Dixieland). However, the biggest impact on the Polish breeding had Cardea as a mother of mares brought to Poland and yet born in Germany: Carolea and Cedra. The first one especially set up the line of such good horses as: Cross (St. Leger), Doryant (Derby runner-up), Daglezja (Derby and Great Warsaw Race winner), Dietmar (Great Warsaw Race winner), Kesar (Great Warsaw Race winner), Kliwia (Derby and twice Great Warsaw Race winner) and Dancer Life (Triple Crown winner). The line of Cedra included among others Cedric (Derby), Calvados (St. Leger), Red Rose (Oaks), Cardiff (Great Warsaw Race) and Calderon (Ministry of Agriculture Stakes). There are five Derby winners originating from Cardea?s family: Cedrik, Daglezja, Dargin, Kliwia and Dancer Life. The race for Cardea Stakes was organised over a distance of 1,400 m in1985, and over a distance of 1,200 m from next season. The best time in this race ? 1?12.1? was gained by Garleona in 2003.

“Życia Warszawy” Stakes (2,000 m, cat. B, 3-year-old and older Thoroughbreds) – 1975

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The first winner of this popular race for leading Thoroughbred horses from Służewiec was Monaco (1975), trained by Andrzej Walicki and ridden by jockey Arkadiusz Goździk. Until 1986 it was a race for 4-year-old and older horses, first at a distance of 2,600 m (1975 to 1981), then at 2,400 m (1982-1986) and from 1987 to today at 2,000 m for 3-year-old and older horses. Some years ago the ?Życia Warszaw? Journal Stakes, as it used to be called then, was won by such good horses as Troll (1983-84), third in the Derby, Dandelion (1985-1986), Dietmar (1987), Timur (1988) and more recently Iwonicz (2011). In 2102, the first that passed the winning post was Datsun. He wasn?t ranked among the leading horses, but he was an exceptional horse in a way ? took the fifth winin a row! 39. ?Warsaw Life? Stakes was won by the American-bred They Call Me Red from the stable of the Russian owner Vladimir Kazakov.

Michałowo Stakes (2800 m, cat. A, 4-year-old and older Arabians entered into the Polish Arabian Stud Book) – 1969

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The stud farm of pure-bred Arabian horses in Michałowo was founded in 1953. It specializes in the breeding of Arabian horses, Saklavi type, of great beauty. Since 1960, when Polish Arabians started to be exported to America, the stud farm began to celebrate the great triumphs when it comes to show horses and became famous all over the world. Arabians bred in Michałowo began to be successful also in racing in the 90?s. Its most prominent horses are certainly Derby winners: Gepard, Druid and Wiliam.

Bask Stakes (2,000 m, cat. B, 3-year-old Arabians entered into the Polish Arabian Stud Book) – 1971

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Bask (Witraż ? Bałałajka by Amurath Sahib) was born in 1956 at the State Stud Albigowa. He came from paternal and maternal aristocratic families of Arabians. His father, Witraż, was the most distinguished of the four excellent Ofir’s sons (Witeź II, Wielki Szlem, Wyrwidąb), which survived the turmoil of war. Bask’s mother, grey beauty Bałałajka, also gave birth to the most typical and the most beautiful mare in the post-war breeding of Polish Arabian horses ? Bandola, later called the ?Queen of Janów?. She was a mother of such valuable sires as: Bajar, Barysz, Bandos and Banat. The breeder of Bask was Roman Pankiewicz, author of many valuable publications on Arabian horse breeding. Bask took part in 40 races on the Służewiec Racetrack as a jockey. He won 8 times, 7 times finished second and seven times was third. After retiring from racing, at the age of six, he was sent to Janów Podlaski, because his home stud was liquidated. In 1962, he was sold to the USA, where he first made a staggering show career. In 1965, he received the title of ?Legion of Merit? awarded only for outstanding achievements. In 1965-66, he won the U.S. championship in ?Horse Park?, the most difficult for the horse class. Then, used for breeding, he left 1046 foals. His was used in the period of peak popularity of Arabian horses in the world. Arabian horses were sold at exclusive auctions for phenomenal, simply fabulous prices. Horses with blood of Bask, both stallions and mares, were equally dominant in the production of winners in the national championships. His descendants were collected like precious stones and breeders considered it an honour to have a horse with the blood of Bask. It was mainly Bask that contributed to the breeding of Arabian horses called ?pure Polish?, which was the best promotion for the horse bred in Poland or derived from Polish parents. The life of Bask was a typical, unprecedented American success story of an expatriate that fully passed the test in his second homeland. Bask died on 24 June 1979. The reason for pride for the Polish horsemen is the perpetuation of Bask in bronze. His statue in excess of 1/8 of natural size was brought to Kentucky Horse Park on 27 June 1997 and set in a huge hall before the entrance to the world?s largest museum of the horse. The sculpture was designed and constructed by the eminent artist of Polish origin Edwin Bogucki. (Source: Korfowe Arabians, Korfowe 1996).

Pink Pearl Stakes (1,800 m, cat. B, 3-year-old and older Thoroughbreds) – 1957

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Born in 1948 in a private stud of Stanisław Janasz (nationalization took place two years later), Pink Pearl was the son of a magnificent Italian stallion Pilad and of a very good mare Rosa Nera. While trained by Karol Chatizow, he won 9 times in 11 starts, including the Produce (as a two-year-old horse), Derby in Prague, St. Leger and Moscow Stakes and the so-called Cup during the horse racing of Socialist States in Budapest. After these great winnings, the Hungarian breeders intended to buy him. However, Pink Pearl suffered a tendon injury and became a sire in the stud farm in Iwno after long-term treatment. He was sold to Hungary after four seasons. The best time in the Pink Pearl Stakes was gained in 2004 by Dyneburg (1?49.6?).

Wielki Szlem Stakes (3,000 m, cat. B, 4-year-old and older Arabians, without penalties) – 1960

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Wielki Szlem is a sire that highly contributed to the Polish breeding. He stayed in Janów Podlaski throughout the war, during which the stud farm was evacuated in 1944. Most stallions died or escaped during the raid, but Wielki Szlem and Witraż were rescued by Jan Ziniewicz, Janowski?s stableman, who didn?t let them go away in panic while risking his life. Wielki Szlem was the father of such great horses as the Derby winners Omar, Czardzasz and Don Lambro, and Czort. The Wielki Szlem Stakes is next to the Derby the longest A or B category race for full-blooded Arabian horses.

Efforta Stakes (1,400 m, international cat. A, 2-year-old Thoroughbreds fillies) – 1955

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Patroness of the race (1938) was stolen during the war by the Germans. At the age of three and four, she ran successfully on the their local tracks, winning eight times. Fortunately, in 1946, she was brought to Poland and became the founder of a wonderful, still existing family. She gave birth to such outstanding horses as: Epikur, Erotyk, Eskulap or Effort. The first Efforta Stakes took place in 1955. It is consistently the most important race for 2-year-old fillies, held annually in the Autumn. Except for the years 1957 ? 1958, when the race distance was 1,200 m, participants raced at 1,400 meters.

Sambora Award (2,200 m, cat. A, 3-year-old Arabian stallions and mares entered into the Polish Arabian Stud Book) – 1977

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Sambor (born in 1965 in Janów Podlaski), after a good racing career at the age of 3 years, was sold to the USA, where he won the Derby by 15 lengths! He triumphed in a half-mile sprint in Oklahoma City a few days later. He also turned out to be the winner of the USA Championship Racing (National Championship Racing). The race named after him is one of the major races for 3 years olds on the Warsaw track.

Mokotów Award (1,600 m, international cat. A, 2-year-old stallions-thoroughbreds)

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A race exclusively for two-year old stallions is held at the end of October. It is the longest, and at the same time the last race of the highest category for this age group in the season and so emerges the winter favourite for the Derby. Since 1997, its patron has been the mayor of the district of Mokotów.

Criterium Award (1,300 m, international cat. A, 2-year-old and older thoroughbreds) – 1945

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It’s the only comparative race for full-blooded horses, in which also two-year old horses can participate besides the three-year olds. Its first edition (1945) was held under the name of the Award of Leszno (Comparative) in Lublin over a distance of 1,300 m. It was renamed into the Służewiec Criterium once the horse racing went back to Warsaw (1946). After 1950, Criterium was stopped to be organised with the exception of the year: 1956 and 1965 (both at 1,400 m). In 1974, the race for the Criterium Award was permanently inserted into the Służewiec Racing Program.

Comparative Award (2,400 m, cat. A, 3-year-old and older Arabians entered into the Polish Arabian Stud Book) – 1928

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The race was introduced to the racing calendar year later than the Derby and Oaks for full-blooded horses, and about a year after the Polish Arabians began to chase on the racing tracks. As the name suggests, it is a race that makes it possible to compare strength of individual age groups. The best racing horses, i.e. four-year old and older, and the leading three-year old horses, which benefit from the weight reduction, can take part in it.

Sasanka Award (2,000 m, cat. B, 3-year-old Arabian mares entered into the Polish Arabian Stud Book) – 2002

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Patroness of the race derives from Mlecha line, which is one of the oldest racing line in Poland, and also most frequently represented in Janów Podlaski. This is the family that around the world is second to none for racing successes. It is remarkable that the Derby, like Sasanka (1972), used to be won by her grandmother Sabellina (1958) and mother Santa (1964), as well as her daughter Saszetka (1981) and granddaughter Sarmacja (1990) and great-grandson Sabir (2011) .

Sac á Papier Award (3,200 m, cat. B, 3-year-old and older thoroughbreds) – 1920

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The longest flat race in Służewiec for thoroughbred horses. It is extremely exciting for the audience, because the horses race two times along the line in front of the stands of the Warsaw track. Its patron Sac á Papier (born in 1896) was brought when he was still in the womb by the founders of the stud in Widzów, princes: Stefan, Władysław and Stanisław Lubomirski. His biggest success on the track was a victory in the Russian St. Leger (Empress Award) in St. Petersburg. They had much better results in breeding. The most famous of his offspring were: Intrygant 1905, Kartacz 1907, Książę Pan 1907, Lira 1908, Mości Książę 1910, Oszczep 1912. The race for the Sac á Papier Award was held on the Mokotów Field from 1920 to 1938. It was first held after World War II in 1946. There was a break in organising this race in the following years. It was resumed only in 1958. Its distance was initially 4,800 m, from 1966 – 4,000 m, and from 1981 to today – 3,200 m.

Czort Award (2,200 m, cat. B, three-year-old Arabians) – 1962

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Czort, born in 1949, had an excellent origin. He was descendant of Kuhailan Haifi. His father was Grand Slam, and his mother Forta was the founder of another famous horse racing family. Czort also disappointed neither on the track nor in the breeding. He won the Comparative Award twice and was second in the Derby. He fathered five Derby winners: Santa, Krezus, Sabbat, Elfur and Pierrot, and the wonderful Sambor, i.e. horse racing champion in the United States, and many splendour horses. The race for the Czort Award was held irregularly in its history. It returned to the calendar in 2010 as a race of category B for three-year Arabian horses, held over the distance of 2,200 m.

Neman Award (1,400 m, cat. B, 2-year-old thoroughbreds)

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Race patron, bay Neman was born in the Golejewko Stud Farm in 1981. He did not compet often. He took part just in 13 races for three seasons. He won four of them, including the Derby in Vienna and Warsaw (1984). He was second twice in the big races held during international meetings in Warsaw and Budapest. Due to his immense talent, he became included in the breeding in 1986. Of his offspring in Poland, the most distinguished one was Bella Donna. The race of his name is held at the end of the season. It is the last outside group race for two-year old horses.